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Mosel

Mosel is one of 13 German wine-growing regions for quality wine (formerly QbA and Prädikatswein), named after the river Mosel (French: Moselle. Luxembourgish: Musel.).

Before 1 August 2007, the area was called Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, but was then renamed to a more consumer-friendly name. The wine-growing area is the third largest in Germany, but is considered by some to be a leader in terms of international reputation. The area covers the valleys of the Moselle, Saar and Ruwer rivers from the mouth of the Moselle near Koblenz upstream to near Trier in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

The area is known for the steep slopes of the vineyards that rise above the river. The steepest recorded vineyard in the world is the Calmont vineyard on the Moselle, which belongs to the municipality of Bremm and is therefore called Bremmer Calmont. The Moselle is best known for its wines made from the Riesling grape, but Elbling and Müller-Thurgau, among others, also contribute to production.

The wines of the Upper Moselle, especially on the Saar and Ruwer tributaries, are characterised by a low alcohol content of 6-9%, intense fruit notes and high acidity. An unknown local poet once described them as "sun fire, star gold, cool moonlight shine".

The wines of the Middle Mosel are considered the most perfect German wines, and some of the best examples can age for 50 to 100 years. Mosel Rieslings rely on a high proportion of tartaric acid to balance the sugar content of the grapes and impart their fruity notes. Characteristic of all Mosel wines are their normally high acidity and the transparency of clearly defined aromas. The wines of the Moselle region are traditionally bottled in a long, green-coloured wine bottle. Historically, the green colour distinguishes Moselle wines from the brown bottles from Rheinhessen.